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  • In 1856, the first lighthouse was installed by the British Government's Trinity House. It was a cast iron tower with a coal oil lamp turned by clockwork. It was replaced in 1907 by a 29-metre tall concrete tower and a light with a massive hyperradiant Fresnel lens made by Chance Brothers in England. It had a massive optic emitting a one million candle power flash. Great landfall lights, like those at Cape Race provided the first sight of land for Atlantic or Pacific travellers. The original lighthouse was then moved to Cape North; it now stands in front of the National Science and Technology Museum in Ottawa. The light's characteristic is a single white flash every 7.5 seconds, additionally a foghorn may sound a signal of two blasts every 60 seconds. The lighthouse was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1975.

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