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Name Awards Won Image
Notes/Description Award winner Award category Year
  • "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation"
  • 2006
  •  
  • 1993
  •  
  • 2003
  • Physics
  • 1999
  • For contributions to understanding the cosmic microwave background.
  • 1996
  • "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity"
  • 1987
  •  
  • 1901
  •  
  • 1991
  • "for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"
  • 2008
  •  
  • 2000
  •  
  • 2004
  • "for the discovery of the reciprocal relations bearing his name, which are fundamental for the thermodynamics of irreversible processes"
  • 1968
  • For a brilliant variety of seminal contributions to the understanding of electrolytes and other chemical systems, especially to the thermodynamics of systems in change.
  • 1968
  • For his contribution to the thermodynamics of transport processes.
  • 1953
  •  
  • 1958
  • "for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules"
  • 2002
  • "for their discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system"
  • 1956
  • "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"
  • 1995
  • "for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia."
  • 1934
  • "for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells"
  • 1994
  • For his pioneering studies of signal transduction and for his discovery that G-proteins carry signals that regulate vital processes within cells.
  • 1989
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  • 1987
  •  
  • 1989
  • "For elucidating the mechanism by which peptide hormones act across cell membranes to influence cell function."
  • 1984
  • "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"
  • 2001
  • Economics
  • 1973
  • "for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"
  • 2006
  •  
  • 2008
  • Economics
  • 1978
  • "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"
  • 2002
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  •  
  • for their pioneering observations of astronomical phenomena by detection of neutrinos, thus creating the emerging field of neutrino astronomy.
  •  
  • 1998
  • For creating the first experiment to measure solar neutrino flux, continuing research on tracking the time dependence of the solar neutrino flux, and creating the new field of neutrino astronomy.
  • 2001
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  •  
  • "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"
  • 1969
  •  
  •  
  • Theoretical physics.
  • 1968
  •  
  • 2005
  • Physics
  • 1971
  • "for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements."
  • 1939
  • For his invention and development of the cyclotron and for his many other contributions in nuclear physics and atomic energy.
  • 1957
  •  
  •  
  • For his work on the development of the cyclotron and its application to investigations of nuclear disintegration.
  • 1937
  •  
  • 1952
  • "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"
  • 1996
  •  
  •  
  • Physics
  • 1966
  • "for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information."
  • 1996
  • Economics
  • 1955
  • "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters."
  • 1930
  • [Novel]
  • 1926
  •  
  • 2007
  • "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"
  • 1954
  • For his achievements in the cultivation of the viruses of poliomyelitis, mumps and measles.
  • 1954
  • "for his discoveries concerning genetic recombination and the organization of the genetic material of bacteria"
  • 1958
  •  
  • 2006
  • For his work in bacterial genetics and immune cell single type antibody production; for his seminal research in artificial intelligence in biochemistry and medicine; and for his extensive advisory role in government, industry and international organizations that address themselves to the societal role of science.
  • 1989

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