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  • The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest Atlantic hurricane season, until the following year. More than half of the 16 tropical cyclones brushed or struck the United States. The season officially began on June 1, and ended on November 30. Due to a Modoki El Niño – a rare type of El Niño in which unfavorable conditions are produced over the eastern Pacific instead of the Atlantic basin due to warmer sea surface temperatures farther west along the equatorial Pacific – activity was above average. The first storm, Alex, developed offshore of the Southeastern United States on July 31. It brushed the Carolinas and the Mid-Atlantic, causing one death and $7.5 million in damage. Several storms resulted in minor impact, including tropical storms Bonnie, Earl, Hermine, and Matthew, and Subtropical Storm Nicole. In addition, hurricanes Danielle, Karl, and Lisa, Tropical Depression Ten, and Tropical Storm Otto caused no impact on land while tropical cyclones. Hurricane Charley made landfall Florida as a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, $15.1 billion in damage in the United States alone.

Freebase Commons Meteorology /meteorology

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