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  • WellPoint, Inc. is the largest for-profit managed health care company in the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. It was formed when WellPoint Health Networks, Inc. merged into Anthem, Inc., with the combined company adopting the name WellPoint, Inc.; trading began its common stock under the WLP symbol on December 1, 2004.
  • Anthem is an insurance company which began in the 1980s as a spin-off of the group insurance operations of American General Insurance. Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield was created as part of the merger of The Associated Group, an Indianapolis-based diversified insurance and health care company, and Community Mutual Insurance Co. of Cincinnati. From its move to a publicly traded company in 2001 until its final merger in 2004, it merged the Blue Cross Blue Shield organizations of several states to achieve economy of scale, converting them in the process from non-profit to for-profit status. In late 2004, Anthem and WellPoint merged, with the combined company taking the WellPoint name. While Anthem no longer exists as a company, the Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield brand name is used by WellPoint in 11 states. Anthem, Inc. grew out of two Indianapolis-based corporations formed in 1944 and 1946 as mutual insurance companies. Those two companies were created to provide health insurance to residents of Indiana as Blue Cross of Indiana and Blue Shield of Indiana. They eventually merged to form Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Indiana.

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