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Freebase Commons Common /common

  • Auckland City is New Zealand's largest city. Founded by Lieutenant William Hobson in 1840, it has since grown to become New Zealand's major economic and social hub. The city itself is located in a unique setting, situated on a narrow isthmus between two harbours, the Manukau Harbour to the south west, and the Waitemata Harbour to the north east. The isthmis experiences a very mild and temperate climate due to this location. The city experienceswarm summers, with an average temperature of about 24 degrees Celcius, andmild winters, with an average temperature of about 16 degrees Celcius. As with most cities in New Zealand, the prevailing wind direction is a westerly. The land on which Auckland City is built on contains a large number of both extinct and dormant volcanoes. Surrounding the city, a large number of gulf islands are located within the Hauraki Gulf, the stretch of water to the north of the isthmus. These islands include Rangitoto, Waiheke Island, Little Barrier Island, Great Barrier Island, and Mototapu. The city used to be known as the 'City Of Sails' due to the large number of yachts which sail in the harbours and in the Hauraki gulf, though this nickname seems to have worn off over time (notably, Auckland International Airport has removed their signage for this nickname which used to be visible whenever entering or leaving the international terminal of the airport)
  • Auckland City is a former local authority district covering the Auckland isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, in the North Island of New Zealand, which was governed by the Auckland City Council. On 1 November 2010 the council was amalgamated with other councils of the wider Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council. Auckland City was the most populous city in the country, with a population of 450,300 at 30 June 2010. It lay in the Auckland Region, which was governed by the Auckland Regional Council based in Auckland City. Auckland City was, together with its neighbouring cities, part of the Greater Auckland area. As the term 'Auckland' may have referred to the local authority alone, to the whole metropolitan area, or even to the broader region, this may have led to ambiguity, since people from other parts of New Zealand or from overseas often did not draw any distinction; especially now that the metropolitan area has been amalgamated. In 2009, Auckland was rated the fourth-best place to live in the world, in human resources consultancy Mercer's annual survey.

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