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  • Bengali or Bangla is the language native to the region of Bengal, which comprises the present-day nation of Bangladesh and of the Indian states West Bengal, Tripura and southern Assam. It is written using the Bengali alphabet. With about 220 million native and about 300 million total speakers, Bengali is one of the most spoken languages, ranked fifth in the world. The National Anthem of Bangladesh, National Anthem of India, National Anthem of Sri Lanka and the national song of India were first composed in the Bengali language. Standard Bengali in Bangladesh and West Bengal are marked by some differences in usage, accent, and phonetics. Today, literary form and different dialects of Bengali constitute the primary language spoken in Bangladesh and the second most commonly spoken language in India. Also with a rich literary tradition arising from the Bengali renaissance, Bengali language binds together a culturally diverse region and is an important contributor to Bengali nationalism. Bengali Language Movement was the focus in 1951–52 in what was then East Bengal.

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