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  • Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain. Russell led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 20th century. He is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege, colleague G. E. Moore, and his protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. He is widely held to be one of the 20th century's premier logicians. With A. N. Whitehead he wrote Principia Mathematica, an attempt to create a logical basis for mathematics. His philosophical essay "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy". His work has had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science, and philosophy, especially philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics. Wikipedia

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Institution Start Date End Date Degree Major/Field Of Study Specialization Minor
  • 1890
  • 1895
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Freebase Commons Awards /award

Year Award category Award winner Winning work Ceremony Achievement level Notes/Description
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  • "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought."
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  • English language
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Freebase Commons Celebrities /celebrities

Key concept Date Contributors Why this is interesting Key artifacts
  • 1901
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  • Showed that the naive set theory of Frege leads to a contradiction -- that the set of all sets cannot contain itself. This lead the way to type theory, which allows the contradiction to be avoided.
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User Domain kweb /base/kwebbase

  • Russell was a pioneer of logical positivism and lingistic analysis but cannot be fully identified with either disciipline.
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