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  • Border Gateway Protocol is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information between autonomous systems on the Internet. The protocol is often classified as a path vector protocol, but is sometimes also classed as a distance-vector routing protocol. The Border Gateway Protocol does not use Interior Gateway Protocol metrics, but makes routing decisions based on paths, network policies and/or rule-sets configured by a network administrator. The Border Gateway Protocol plays a key role in the overall operation of the Internet and is involved in making core routing decisions. BGP may be used for routing within an AS. In this application it is referred to as Interior Border Gateway Protocol, Internal BGP or iBGP. In contrast, the Internet application of the protocol may be referred to as Exterior Border Gateway Protocol, External BGP or EBGP. BGP is the successor to the Exterior Gateway Protocol. BGP is currently the most widely used exterior gateway protocol by Internet service providers.

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