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  • Border Gateway Protocol is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information between autonomous systems on the Internet. The protocol is often classified as a path vector protocol, but is sometimes also classed as a distance-vector routing protocol. The Border Gateway Protocol does not use Interior Gateway Protocol metrics, but makes routing decisions based on paths, network policies and/or rule-sets configured by a network administrator. The Border Gateway Protocol plays a key role in the overall operation of the Internet and is involved in making core routing decisions. The Border Gateway Protocol is the successor to the Exterior Gateway Protocol and is currently the most widely used exterior gateway protocol by Internet service providers because BGP allows for fully decentralised routing. BGP was originally designed to help transition from the core ARPAnet model to a decentralized system that included the NSFNET backbone and its associated regional networks. Wikipedia