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  • The Burid dynasty was a Turkish dynasty which ruled over Damascus in the early 12th century. The first Burid ruler, Toghtekin, began as a servant to the Seljuk ruler of Damascus, Duqaq. Following Duqaq's death in 1104, he seized the city for himself. The Burids gained recognition from the Abbasid caliphate in return for considerable gifts. In return, the caliphate did not interfere in the emirate. They ruled the city until 1154, when it was taken by the Zengid ruler of Aleppo, Nur ed-Din. The Burids lost to the Crusaders in the battle of Marj al-Saffar but were able to prevent the Crusaders from capturing Damascus.