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  • Cape Verde or Cabo Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. Located 570 kilometres off the coast of Western Africa, the islands cover a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres. Three are fairly flat, sandy and dry; the others generally rockier with more vegetation. Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the archipelago and, since independence, for the country. In 2013, the Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation "Cabo Verde" would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at the United Nations, even in English contexts. Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized the previously uninhabited islands in the 15th century. Ideally located for the Atlantic slave trade, the islands grew prosperous and often attracted privateers and pirates, among them Sir Francis Drake, a corsair privateering under a Letter of marque granted by the English crown, who twice sacked the capital Ribeira Grande in the 1580s. The islands were also visited by Charles Darwin's expedition in 1832. Wikipedia

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