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  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae is a species of Chlamydophila, an obligate intracellular bacterium that infects humans and is a major cause of pneumonia. It was known as the Taiwan acute respiratory agent from the names of the two original isolates – Taiwan and an acute respiratory isolate designated AR-39. Until recently, it was known as Chlamydia pneumoniae, and that name is used as an alternate in some sources. In some cases, to avoid confusion, both names are given. C. pneumoniae has a complex life cycle and must infect another cell to reproduce; thus, it is classified as an obligate intracellular pathogen. The full genome sequence for C. pneumoniae was published in 1999. It also infects and causes disease in koalas, emerald tree boas, iguanas, chameleons, frogs, and turtles. The first known case of infection with C. pneumoniae was a case of sinusitis in Taiwan. This atypical bacterium commonly causes pharyngitis, bronchitis and atypical pneumonia, mainly in elderly and debilitated patients, but in healthy adults, also.

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