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  • Christian René, viscount de Duve was a Nobel Prize-winning Belgian cytologist and biochemist. He was born in Thames Ditton, Surrey, Great Britain, as a son of Belgian refugees during the First World War. They returned to Belgium in 1920. He was the Founding President of the prestigious L'Oréal-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science. He made serendipitous discoveries of two eukaryotic organelles, peroxisome and lysosome, for which he shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1974 with Albert Claude and George E. Palade. He was a multilingual, able to speak English, French, German, and Flemish, and the skill which once saved his life. He died at his chosen time on 4 May 2013 by self-induced euthanasia in the presence of all of his children.

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Year Award category Award winner Winning work Ceremony Achievement level Notes/Description
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  • "for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"
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  • "For the discovery of Iysosomes. These are membrane bound subcellular particles containing hydrolytic enzymes and other biologically active substances. He isolated the characterized Iysosomes chemically and ultrastructurally. These subcellular particles play an important role in physiological and pathological processes. Their discovery has led to a better understanding of many disease processes and has opened innumerable new avenues of research."

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