Christopher Wren en
Sir Christopher Michael Wren PRS is one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history. He was accorded responsibility for rebuilding 52 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including his masterpiece, St. Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, completed in 1710. The principal creative responsibility for a number of the churches is now more commonly attributed to others in his office, especially Nicholas Hawksmoor. Other notable buildings by Wren include the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, and the south front of Hampton Court Palace. The Wren Building, the main building at the College of William and Mary, is attributed to Wren and the oldest academic building in continuous use in the United States. Educated in Latin and Aristotelian physics at the University of Oxford, Wren was a notable astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as an architect. He was a founder of the Royal Society, and his scientific work was highly regarded by Sir Isaac Newton and Blaise Pascal. Wikipedia [ - ]
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- English designer, astronomer, geometer, and the greatest English architect of his time.
- A catalogue of the churches of the city of London, royal palaces, hospitals, and public edifices built by Sr. Christopher Wren, Kt., surveyor general of the Royal-Works
- Designs and drawings by Sir Christopher Wren for St. Paul's Cathedral, the Residentiaries' houses, and the Deanery
- Engravings of St. Paul's Cathedral and part II of the building accounts for the years, 1685-95
- Hampton court Palace, 1689-1702
- The parochial churches of Sir Christopher Wren, 1666-1718
- The Royal Hospital for Seamen at Greenwich, 1694-1728
- St. Paul's Cathedral
- "Tom Tower"
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- His influence is reflected in the church steeples and domes in the Protestant countries of Europe and in the United States.
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- christopher wren knew john evelyn
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- In 1649, through the influence of Wilkins Wren entered Wadham College, Oxford.
- Christopher Wren was taught by the famous surgeon and anatomist Dr. Charles Scarburgh, who introduced him to his friends and colleagues, including the astronomers Seth Ward and Lawrence Rooke, the mathematician Wallis, the anatomist Petty, the scientist Boyle, and the Elector Palatine's chaplain, Wilkins.
- It was Ward and Scarburgh who gave the 16-year-old Wren the task of translating the works of the great mathematician Oughtred into Latin, while he also built various astronomical and meteorological instruments, including a weather clock and several sundials.
- Within two years Wren had graduated, and after another two years (much of which he spent assisting the anatomist Willis in his investigations of the human brain, providing beautiful and accurate drawings for Willis's 'Cerebri Anatome' (1664) was made a fellow of All Souls' College, where he remained in residence until 1657.
- Here he became an important member of the intellectual circle known as the 'Philosophical Society of Oxford', alongside Wilkins, Ward, Wallis, Rooke, Petty and the young Hooke, and through which he for a time corresponded with the French mathematician Blaise Pascal.
- During his eight years at Oxford, Wren became famous for the variety and number of his undertakings and the breadth of his knowledge: for example, he built a large sundial for All Souls College, presented Evelyn with a piece of white marble impregnated with red dye, made (among many other things) a talking organ, a transparent beehive, a hand-held compass, a loom that could weave several pairs of stockings at once, and a variety of pumps and musical instruments.
- He also wrote papers on new codes, submarine navigation, techniques for dredging and fortifying harbors, and the application of engineering principles to architecture in order to strengthen buildings.
- Most notably, he was a pioneer of anaesthetics and blood transfusions, and wrote four definitive tracts on the cycloid.
- In 1657 Wren was appointed professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, where the intellectual circle that had developed out of the 'Philosophical Society of Oxford' proposed a society "for the promotion of Physico-Mathematicall Experimental Learning," for which they received royal patronage in 1661.
- This group soon afterwards became the Royal Society (founded 1662), of which Wren, along with such notables as Oldenburg, Hooke and the American scientist John Winthrop, became a founding member and active participant.
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