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  • Glucose is a simple aldosic monosaccharide found in plants. It is a monosaccharide that is absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion. It is an important carbohydrate in biology, which is indicated by the fact that cells use it as a secondary source of energy and a metabolic intermediate. Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and fuels for cellular respiration. Like all hexoses, glucose has the molecular formula C₆H₁₂O₆. It has fifteen stereoisomers called aldohexoses that differ from it only by swapping the positions of the two substituents at one or more of four chiral centers. When all four chiral centers are altered, the result is a mirror image of the original molecule that has similar chemical properties; however, the interaction of this with other compounds, as in the body, is very different. Only one of the two mirrored forms, called D-glucose, is generally encountered in nature. Like all aldohexoses, glucose also has a more diverse set of structural isomers, including a broader set of hexoses and inositols.

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