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  • The "Deutschlandlied", has been the national anthem of Germany since 1922, except in East Germany, whose anthem was "Auferstanden aus Ruinen" from 1949 to 1990. Since World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany, only the third stanza has been used as the national anthem. The stanza's incipit, "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" are considered the unofficial national motto of Germany, and are inscribed on Bundeswehr belt buckles and the rims of some German coins. The music was written by Austrian composer Joseph Haydn in 1797 as an anthem for the birthday of Emperor Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1841, the German linguist and poet August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben wrote the lyrics of "Das Lied der Deutschen" to Haydn's melody, lyrics that were considered revolutionary at the time. The song is also well known by the incipit and refrain of the first stanza, "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles", but this has never been its title. The line "Germany, Germany above all" meant that the most important goal of the Vormärz revolutionaries should be a unified Germany overcoming the perceived anti-liberal Kleinstaaterei. Wikipedia

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