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  • Earl Warren was an American jurist and politician, who served as the 30th Governor of California and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States. He is best known for the decisions of the Warren Court, which ended school segregation and transformed many areas of American law, especially regarding the rights of the accused, ending public school-sponsored prayers, and requiring "one man-one vote" rules of apportionment of Congressional districts. He made the Supreme Court a power center on a more even basis with Congress and the Presidency, especially through four landmark decisions: Brown v. Board of Education, Gideon v. Wainwright, Reynolds v. Sims, and Miranda v. Arizona. Warren is one of only two people to be elected Governor of California three times, the other being Jerry Brown. Before holding these positions, he was the District Attorney for Alameda County, California, and the Attorney General of California. Warren was also the nominee for Vice President of the Republican Party in 1948, and he chaired the Warren Commission, which was formed to investigate the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

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