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  • Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły; nom de guerre Śmigły, Tarłowski, Adam Zawisza was a Polish politician, statesman, Marshal of Poland, Commander-in-Chief of Poland's armed forces as well as a talented painter and a poet. After many earlier military successes as an army commander during the Polish-Soviet War, following Piłsudski's death, Rydz succeeded as General Inspector of the Armed Forces in 1935. He served in that capacity during the Invasion of Poland, which marked the beginning of World War II. During the interwar period, Edward Rydz-Śmigły, an honored warrior for Poland‘s freedom and independence, was exceedingly popular. His military record of service in the Polish Legions and during the Polish-Soviet War of 1920 was filled with success, and his popularity grew upon his appointment as Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed Forces following Józef Piłsudski‘s death. One of the highest positions in the country, it gave its occupant the ability to influence matters dealing with the defense of the country. It was significant that as Commander-in-Chief he automatically was the top military leader in time of war.

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