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  • A presidential election was held in Egypt in two rounds, the first on 23 and 24 May 2012 and the second on 16 and 17 June. The Muslim Brotherhood declared early 18 June 2012, that its candidate, Mohammed Morsi, won Egypt's presidential election, which would be the first victory of an Islamist as head of state in the Arab world. It was the second presidential election in Egypt's history with more than one candidate, following the 2005 election, and the first presidential election after the 2011 Egyptian revolution which ousted president Hosni Mubarak, during the Arab Spring. Morsi, however, lasted little over a year as President before he was ousted in a popular uprising or military coup in July 2013. In the first round, with a voter turnout of 46%, the results were split between five major candidates: Mohamed Morsi, Ahmed Shafik, Hamdeen Sabahi, Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh, and Amr Moussa, while the remaining 2% were split between several smaller candidates. The elections set the stage for the divisions that were to follow, along Islamist and secular lines, and those opposed to and those supporting the former political elite.

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