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  • Esperanto is the most widely-spoken constructed international auxiliary language. The name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof first publishedUnua Libro (First Book), the first book describing Esperanto. The word "esperanto" means "one who hopes" in Esperanto.
  • Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, on July 26, 1887. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy-to-learn, politically neutral language that would transcend nationality and foster peace and international understanding between people with different languages. Between 100,000 and 2,000,000 people worldwide fluently or actively speak Esperanto, including perhaps 1,000 native speakers who learned Esperanto from birth. Esperanto has a notable presence in over a hundred countries. Its usage is highest in Europe, East Asia, and South America. The first World Congress of Esperanto was organized in France in 1905. Since then, congresses have been held in various countries every year, with the exceptions of years during the world wars. Although no country has adopted Esperanto officially, Esperanto was recommended by the French Academy of Sciences in 1921 and recognized by UNESCO in 1954, which recommended it to its member states in 1985.

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