Francis Scott Key en
Francis Scott Key was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner". Francis Scott Key was born to Ann Phoebe Penn Dagworthy and Captain John Ross Key at the family plantation Terra Rubra in what was Frederick County, Maryland. His father John Ross Key was a lawyer, a judge, and an officer in the Continental Army. His great-grandparents were Philip Key and Susanna Barton Gardiner, both of whom were born in London and immigrated to Maryland in 1726. He studied law at St. John's College, Annapolis, Maryland and also learned under his uncle Philip Barton Key. Wikipedia [ - ]
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- He is best known for writing hat became the US national anthem.
- The son of an army officer in the revolutionary war, Key was given a good education and, when he graduated from St. John's College, he went on to study law.
- In 1801, he set up a law practice in Fredericktown, in partnership with Roger B Taney, who was not only his partner, but a his brother-in-law, and who later served as chief justice of the US Supreme Court.
- Key then moved to Georgetown, DC, in 1805, where he began to practice law in association with his uncle, Philip Barton Key.
- By all accounts, Key was a handsome, dignified, powerful and respected orator.
- Early in September 1814, during the war with the British, Key was asked to negotiate with the enemy for the release of a Washington doctor, William Beanes.
- He soon became a leading member of the American Bar and, as an active member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, for which he wrote two popular hymns, he had a charitable and pious reputation.
- The doctor had been captured after the defeat of the US forces at Bladensburg, Maryland and was being held on a British warship.
- He went with a Colonel Skinner to visit the British fleet in Chesapeake Bay, at the mouth of the Potomac.
- On 7th September, Skinner and Key were taken aboard HMS Tonnant, to begin negotiations with General Ross, the British commander.
- Key successfully arranged the Beanes' release but while he was on board Tonnant, he overheard talk about the British plan to attack Baltimore.