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  • The Frankfurt U-Bahn, together with the Rhine-Main S-Bahn and the Frankfurt Straßenbahn, forms the backbone of the public transport system of Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany. Its name derives from the German term for underground, Untergrundbahn. Since 1996, the U-Bahn has been owned and operated by Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt, the public transport company of Frankfurt, and is part of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund transit association. The U-Bahn opened in 1968, and has been expanded several times. It consists of three inner-city tunnels and above-ground lines in the suburbs. About 59% of the track length is underground. The above-ground sections operate at different standards from traditional rapid transit systems due to the independent expansion of at-grade rail for those sections – they are more like light rail due to their not being fully grade-separated. The network consists of 86 stations on nine lines, with a total length of 64.85 kilometres. Eight of the nine lines travel through the city center. In 2012, the U-Bahn carried 117.3 million passengers, an average of approximately 321,000 passengers per day.