George Chapman en
George Chapman was an English dramatist, translator, and poet. He was a classical scholar whose work shows the influence of Stoicism. Chapman has been identified as the Rival Poet of Shakespeare's sonnets by William Minto, and as an anticipator of the Metaphysical Poets of the 17th century. Chapman is best remembered for his translations of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, and the Homeric Batrachomyomachia. Wikipedia [ - ]
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- Chapman's life work was his translation of Homer's writing which for a long time remained the standard English version.
- george chapman a pal of walter raleigh
- george chapman knew william shakespeare
- george chapman a pal of ben jonson
- george chapman completed work by christopher marlowe
- george chapman a patron was robert, earl of essex
- george chapman argued with joseph justus scaliger
- george chapman satirized thomas dekker
- george chapman supported inigo jones
- Chapman was part of a group who met in the evenings with Raleigh to discuss philosophy, poetry and scientific subjects.
- Shakespeare nicknamed this group "The School of Night" and parodied them in "Love's Labours Lost".
- Chapman's first published work, in 1594, was an allegorical poem called "The Shadow of Night".
- He remained part of the group, and later wrote a verse preface for an account of Raleigh's expedition to Guinea.
- The following year, he published "Ovid's Banquet of Sense", a poem about the value of an ordered life, which was satirised by the playwright Thomas Nashe in his "Terrors of the Night".
- He then turned his hand to writing for the stage and his play, "The Blind Beggar of Alexandria," was performed at the Rose Theatre in London in 1595- 6 by the theatre company The Admiral's Men.
- In 1597, his "A Humorous Day's Mirth" saw the birth of the humour plays, based on observing human emotions.
- Around this time, Chapman became friendly with the writer Jonson, who wrote his first humorous play a year later and really established the genre.
- In 1598, Chapman completed "Hero and Leander", the poem which Marlowe had left unfinished at his death.
- In the same year, he published the first books of his English translation of the ancient Greek author Homer, dedicating it to the Earl of Essex and in the preface, passionately defending Homer against the criticisms of the Renaissance scholar, Scaliger who preferred Virgil.