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  • Sparassidae is a family of spiders known as huntsman spiders because of their speed and mode of hunting. They also are called giant crab spiders because of their size and appearance. Larger species sometimes are referred to as wood spiders, because of their preference for woody places. In southern Africa the genus Palystes are known as rain spiders or lizard-eating spiders. Commonly they are confused with baboon spiders from the Mygalomorphae infraorder, which are not closely related. More than a thousand Sparassidae species occur in most warm temperate to tropical regions of the world, including much of Australasia, Africa, Asia, the Mediterranean Basin, and the Americas. Several species of huntsman can use an unusual form of locomotion. Carparachne aureoflava from the Namib desert uses a cartwheeling motion, while Cebrennus rechenbergi uses a flic-flac motion. Wikipedia

Freebase Commons Biology /biology

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