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  • Isoleucine is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO₂CCHCHCH₂CH₃. It is an essential amino acid, which means that humans cannot synthesize it, so it must be ingested. Its codons are AUU, AUC and AUA. With a hydrocarbon side chain, isoleucine is classified as a hydrophobic amino acid. Together with threonine, isoleucine is one of two common amino acids that have a chiral side chain. Four stereoisomers of isoleucine are possible, including two possible diastereomers of L-isoleucine. However, isoleucine present in nature exists in one enantiomeric form,-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid.

Freebase Commons Medicine /medicine

Active ingredient of formulation
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Freebase Commons Chemistry /chemistry

User Domain Aptamer /base/aptamer

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