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  • A Java applet is a small application which is written in Java and delivered to users in the form of bytecode. The user launches the Java applet from a web page, and the applet is then executed within a Java Virtual Machine in a process separate from the web browser itself. A Java applet can appear in a frame of the web page, a new application window, Sun's AppletViewer, or a stand-alone tool for testing applets. Java applets were introduced in the first version of the Java language, which was released in 1995. Java applets can be written in any programming language that compiles Java bytecode. They are usually written in Java, but other languages such as Jython, JRuby, Pascal, Scala, or Eiffel may be used as well. Java applets run at very fast speeds and are comparable to other compiled languages such as C++, though the latter have a slight advantage. Until 2011, Java applets had run many times faster than JavaScript. Unlike JavaScript, Java applets had access to 3D hardware acceleration, making them well-suited for non-trivial, computation-intensive visualizations.