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  • John J. Pershing appeared in the 1942 film For Me and My Gal.
  • John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing, was a general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. Pershing is the only person to be promoted in his own lifetime to General of the Armies, the highest authorized rank in the United States Army, signifying service directly under the president. Pershing holds the first United States officer service number. He was regarded as a mentor by the generation of American generals who led the United States Army in Europe during World War II, including George C. Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar N. Bradley, and George S. Patton. A somewhat controversial figure, his tactics have been harshly criticized both by commanders at the time and by modern historians. His reliance on costly frontal assaults, long after other allied armies had abandoned such tactics, has been blamed for causing unnecessarily high American casualties.

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  • Remembered for his long and distinguished military career culminating with his appointment to construct and command the American Expeditionary Force in France during World War I.
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