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  • Juan Carlos de Borbón appeared in the film Unit 7.
  • Juan Carlos reigned as King of Spain from 1975 to 2014, when he abdicated in favour of his son, Felipe VI. Dictator Francisco Franco took over the government of Spain from the short-lived Second Spanish Republic by force in 1939, and ruled as "Regent to the [exiled] King of Spain". In 1969 he chose Juan Carlos, grandson of King Alfonso XIII, to be the next head of state, by-passing Juan de Borbón and expecting him to continue Franco's own authoritarian regime. Juan Carlos became King on 22 November 1975, two days after Franco's death, the first reigning monarch since 1931. His father did not abdicate in favor of his son until 1977. Soon after enthronement, Juan Carlos introduced reforms to dismantle the Francoist regime and begin the Spanish transition to democracy. This led to the approval of the Spanish Constitution of 1978 in a referendum, which established a constitutional monarchy. Juan Carlos also played a major role in 1981 in preventing a coup which attempted to revert to Francoist government in the King's name.

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