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  • The Kainai Nation is a First Nation in southern Alberta, Canada with a population of 7,437 members in 2005, Akáínaa translates directly to "Many Chief" while Káína translates directly to "Many Chief people." The enemy Plains Cree called the Kainai Miko-Ew - "stained with blood", i.e. "the bloodthirsty, cruel", therefore, the common English name for the tribe is the "Blood tribe." The Kainai speak a language of the Algonquian linguistic group; their dialect is closely related to those of the Siksika and Peigan. They are one of 3 nations comprising the Blackfoot Confederacy. At the time treaties such as Treaty 7 were signed, the Kainai were situated on the Oldman, Belly, and St. Mary rivers west of Lethbridge, Alberta. The Kainai reserve Blood 148 is currently the largest in Canada with 3,852 inhabitants on 1,414.03 km² and is located approximately 200 kilometres south of Calgary. As of December 2013 the Kanai Nation had a total registered population of 11,791 people.

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