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  • Marc Zakharovich Chagall was a Belarussian-Russian-French artist. Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as "the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century". An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints. According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be "the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists". For decades, he "had also been respected as the world's preeminent Jewish artist". Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra. Before World War I, he traveled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture.

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Year Award category Award winner Winning work Ceremony Achievement level Notes/Description
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  • Painting

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  • Though influenced by many of the artistic movements of his time (Cubism, Surrealism, Fauvism), Chagall developed and maintained a unique personal artistic style that he successfully translated into a wide variety of media. He is widely considered to be a 20th century master.

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