Martin Bucer en
Martin Bucer was a Protestant reformer based in Strasbourg who influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican doctrines and practices. Bucer was originally a member of the Dominican Order, but after meeting and being influenced by Martin Luther in 1518 he arranged for his monastic vows to be annulled. He then began to work for the Reformation, with the support of Franz von Sickingen. Bucer's efforts to reform the church in Wissembourg resulted in his excommunication from the Roman Catholic Church, and he was forced to flee to Strasbourg. There he joined a team of reformers which included Matthew Zell, Wolfgang Capito, and Caspar Hedio. He acted as a mediator between the two leading reformers, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli, who differed on the doctrine of the eucharist. Later, Bucer sought agreement on common articles of faith such as the Tetrapolitan Confession and the Wittenberg Concord, working closely with Philipp Melanchthon on the latter. Bucer believed that the Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire could be convinced to join the Reformation. Through a series of conferences organised by Charles V, he tried to unite Protestants and Catholics to create a German national church separate from Rome. He did not achieve this, as political events led to the Schmalkaldic War and the retreat of Protestantism within the Empire. In 1548, Bucer was persuaded, under duress, to sign the Augsburg Interim, which imposed certain forms of Catholic worship. However, he continued to promote reforms until the city of Strasbourg accepted the Interim, and forced him to leave. Wikipedia [ - ]
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- Martin Bucer was an important 16th-century German Protestant reformer, who was inspired to leave the Dominican order on hearing the sermons of Martin Luther.
- john calvin taught by martin bucer
- andreas osiander a colleague of martin bucer
- john knox opposed by martin bucer
- charles v, holy roman emperor supported martin bucer
- huldrych zwingli negotiated with martin bucer
- thomas cranmer met martin bucer
- desiderius erasmus a fan was martin bucer
- philipp melanchthon worked with martin bucer
- Bucer became an ardent admirer of the great scholar Erasmus and other humanist writers.
- In April 1518, Bucer then heard Luther dispute on the dogma of free-will.
- Deeply affected by Luther's lecture, Bucer arranged to meet with him, and was won over to reformist ideas.
- In April 1521 he entered the service of Frederick, Count Palatine of the Rhine, one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V.
- After serving as court chaplain for a year, in 1522 Bucer left and became pastor of Landstuhl in the Palatinate, and a member of the household of his patron, Count Sickengen.
- Here, in 1522, Bucer became one of the earliest of the ordained reformers to take a wife when he married Elisabeth Pallass.
- In early 1523 Bucer left Landstahl for Weissenburg in Lower Alsace, from where, after a series of Lutheran sermons he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by the Bishop of Speier.
- In response, Bucer made a public profession of his Lutheran beliefs, and then fled to Strasbourg where his personal charm, intellectual abilities, and religious zeal soon established him as one of the city's chief exponents of the Reformation, and in December 1523 he was appointed a salaried daily lecturer on the scriptures at Strasbourg Cathedral.
- In March 1524, he was then elected as parish priest of St. Aurelia's, near Strasbourg.
- At the same time, he had been increasingly drawn to the doctrines of the Swiss reformer Zwingli, and during the following years devoted much time and energy to an attempted reconciliation between the ideas of Zwingli and Luther, and he continued to mediate between the Zwinglians and Lutherans during the next four years.