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Freebase Commons Common /common

Also known as
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine. It is one of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, in his will. Nobel was personally interested in experimental physiology and wanted to establish a prize for progress through scientific discoveries in laboratories. The Nobel prize is presented to the recipient at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death, along with a diploma and a certificate for the monetary award. The front side of the medal provides the same profile of Alfred Nobel as depicted on the medals for Physics, Chemistry, and Literature; its reverse side is unique to this medal. As of 2011, 102 Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been awarded to 199 men and 10 women. The first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901 to the German physiologist Emil Adolf von Behring, for his work on serum therapy and the development of a vaccine against diphtheria.

Freebase Commons Awards /award

Year Award winner Winning work Ceremony Achievement level Notes/Description
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  • "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
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  • "for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity"
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  • "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity"
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  • "for the development of in vitro fertilization"
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  • "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
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  • "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus"
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  • "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer"
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  • "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
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  • "for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"
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  • "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease"
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