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  • Operation München was the Romanian codename of a joint German-Romanian offensive in World War II, with the primary objective of liberating Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, ceded by Romania to the Soviet Union a year before. The operation concluded successfully after 24 days of fighting. Axis formations involved included the Third Army, the Fourth Army, and the Eleventh Army. In German this is simply described as the recapture of Bessarabia by the Romanian army, and was the beginning of genocide against the Jewish population of Bessarabia.