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  • Peuce in ancient geography was an island located in the Danube Delta, in Scythia Minor. Its name came from the ancient Greek word peuke, 'pine tree'. It was about the size of the island of Rhodes. The island disappeared during the early Middle Ages, when the river changed its course. It was to this island that in the 330s BC the West Thracian Triballian king Syrmus took refuge when pursued by Alexander the Great. Alexander brought ships up the Danube to use in an assault on the island. The attempts failed due to the swift current of the river, steep banks, and fierce defense. Eventually the Macedonians abandoned their attacks on Peuce and instead crossed into the territory of the Getae. A portion of the powerful Bastarnae tribe settled on the island, apparently in the 2nd century BC, and adopted from their abode an alternative tribal name, "Peucini", used by some classical authors to cover sections of the Bastarnae tribe which had never set foot on the island. Peuce island is also thought to be the birthplace of Alaric I king of the Visigoths from 395–410 who is most famous for his sack of Rome in 410.

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