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  • The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of China. The presidency is a largely ceremonial office with limited powers, though the President typically holds additional offices simultaneously and is the paramount leader of the country. The office is classified as an institution of the state rather than an administrative post. The office was first established in the PRC Constitution of 1954 and successively held by Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi. Liu fell into political disgrace during the Cultural Revolution and the office was abolished. The office was officially scrapped under the Constitution of 1975, then reinstated in the Constitution of 1982, but with reduced powers. The official English-language translation of the title was "Chairman"; after 1982, this translation was changed to "President". Officially, the President is elected by the National People's Congress and can serve up to two terms of five years each. The current President is Xi Jinping, who also holds the positions of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, making him, informally, China's paramount leader.