Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex en
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG PC was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599. In 1601, he led an abortive coup d'état against the government and was executed for treason. [ - ]
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- Remembered principally for his close relationship with Queen Elizabeth.
- robert, earl of essex worked for william cecil, 1st baron burghley
- robert, earl of essex at court of queen elizabeth i of england
- robert, earl of essex a pal of philip sidney
- robert, earl of essex on expedition with francis drake
- robert, earl of essex an adviser was francis bacon
- robert, earl of essex an admirer was edmund spenser
- robert, earl of essex on expedition with walter raleigh
- robert, earl of essex cared for by fulke greville
- robert, earl of essex prevented from employing henry, earl of southampton
- robert, earl of essex rebelled together with robert catesby
- william cecil, 1st baron burghley employed robert, earl of essex
- henry, earl of southampton follower of robert, earl of essex
- edmund spenser an admirer of robert, earl of essex
- ben jonson worked for robert, earl of essex
- robert catesby joined rebellion by robert, earl of essex
- francis drake fought alongside robert, earl of essex
- francis walsingham vouched for by robert, earl of essex
- john donne on expedition with robert, earl of essex
- thomas bodley corresponded with robert, earl of essex
- george chapman a patron was robert, earl of essex
- Essex spent some of his youth in the household of William Cecil (Lord Burghley) but at 17, went to London to join Queen Elizabeth's court.
- He was the poorest Earl in England, owing huge sums to the Crown through inherited debts.
- But what he lacked in wealth, he made up for in charm.
- Tall and handsome, he sang well, danced gracefully, could recite Latin verse, and was a dashing figure at jousting tournaments.
- In 1585, Essex joined the campaign against the Spanish in the Netherlands, but saw little action and found the exercise boring except for the bloody skirmish near Zutphen in September, 1586, in which his friend Sidney, the courtier poet, was fatally wounded.
- After the forces returned in 1587, Queen Elizabeth took a shine to Essex.
- She was in a vulnerable position at the time.
- The execution of Mary, Queen of Scots had disrupted her relationship with her closest advisers and she was suspicious of the people around her.
- In Essex, she saw a handsome and charming young man who was no threat, mainly because he was financially dependent on her.
- She made him Master of the Horse, a position which brought him an income as well as other privileges.