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Freebase Commons Common /common

Also known as
  • Hoàng đế Thuận Trị vi
  • Ái Tân Giác La Phúc Lâm vi
  • Thuận Trị Đế vi
  • Phúc Lâm vi
  • Thanh Thế Tổ vi
  • Thế Tổ vi
  • Thể Thiên Long Vận Đỉnh Thống Kiến Cực Anh Duệ Khâm Văn Hiến Vũ Đại Đức Hoằng Cung Chí Nhân Sơ Hiếu Chương hoàng đế vi
  • Thế Tổ Chương hoàng đế vi
  • The Shunzhi Emperor, formerly romanized as the Shun-chih Emperor, was the third emperor of the Qing dynasty and the first Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1644 to 1661. A committee of Manchu princes chose him to succeed his father, Hong Taiji, in September 1643, when he was five years old. The princes also appointed two co-regents: Dorgon, fourteenth son of Qing founder Nurhaci, and Jirgalang, one of Nurhaci's nephews, both of whom were members of the Qing imperial clan. From 1643 to 1650, political power lay mostly in the hands of Dorgon. Under his leadership, the Qing conquered most of the territory of the fallen Ming dynasty, chased Ming loyalist regimes deep into the southwestern provinces, and established the basis of Qing rule over China despite highly unpopular policies such as the "hair cutting command" of 1645, which forced Qing subjects to shave their forehead and braid their remaining hair into a queue resembling that of the Manchus. After Dorgon's death on the last day of 1650, the young monarch started to rule personally. He tried, with mixed success, to fight corruption and to reduce the political influence of the Manchu nobility.

Freebase Commons People /people

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