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  • Tsar Bomba is the nickname for the AN602 hydrogen bomb, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. Its October 30, 1961 test remains the most powerful artificial explosion in human history. It was also referred to as Kuz'kina Mat', referring to Nikita Khrushchev's promise to show the United States a "Kuz'kina Mat'" at the 1960 United Nations General Assembly. Developed by the Soviet Union, the bomb had the yield of 50 to 58 megatons of TNT. Only one bomb of this type was ever officially built and it was tested on October 30, 1961, in the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, at Sukhoy Nos. The remaining bomb casings are located at the Russian Atomic Weapon Museum, Sarov, and the Museum of Nuclear Weapons, All-Russian Research Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk. Neither of these casings has the same antenna configuration as the device that was tested. Many names are attributed to the Tsar Bomba in the literature: Project 7000; product code 202; article designations RDS-220, RDS-202, RN202, AN602; codename Vanya; nicknames Big Ivan, Tsar Bomba, Kuz'kina Mat'.

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