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  • The Tupolev Tu-104 was a twin-engined medium-range narrow-body turbojet-powered Soviet airliner and the world's first successful jet airliner. Although it was the sixth jet airliner to fly, the Tu-104 was the second to enter regular service and the first to provide a sustained and successful service. The Tu-104 was the sole jetliner operating in the world between 1956 and 1958. In 1957, Czechoslovak Airlines – ČSA, became the first airline in the world to fly a route exclusively with jet airliners, using the Tu-104A variant between Prague and Moscow. In civil service, the Tu-104 carried over 90 million passengers with Aeroflot, and a lesser number with ČSA, while it also saw operations with the Soviet Air Force. Its successors include the Tu-124, the Tu-134 and the Tu-154.

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