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Freebase Commons Common /common

  • Unix is a multitasking, multiuser computer operating system that exists in many variants. The original Unix was developed at AT&T's Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others. From the power user's or programmer's perspective, Unix systems are characterized by a modular design that is sometimes called the "Unix philosophy," meaning the OS provides a set of simple tools that each perform a limited, well-defined function, with a unified filesystem as the main means of communication and a shell scripting and command language to combine the tools to perform complex workflows. The C programming language was designed by Dennis Ritchie as a systems programming language for Unix, allowing for portability beyond the initial PDP-11 development platform and the use of Unix on numerous computing platforms. While initially intended for use inside the Bell System, Unix developed into a standard operating system for academia during the late 1970s and 1980s. AT&T tried to commercialize it by licensing the OS to third-party vendors, leading to a variety of both academic and commercial variants of Unix and eventually to the "Unix wars" between groups of vendors.

Freebase Commons Computers /computer

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Year Award category Award winner Winning work Ceremony Achievement level Notes/Description
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  • For their development of generic operating systems theory and specifically for the implementation of the UNIX operating system

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