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  • Dom Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, was a Portuguese explorer. He was the first European to reach India by sea, linking for the first time Europe and Asia by ocean route, as well as the Atlantic and the Indian oceans entirely and definitively, and in this way, the West and the Orient. This discovery was significant and opened the way for a age of global imperialism and for the Portuguese to establish a long-lasting colonial empire in Asia. The route meant that the Portuguese would not need to cross the highly disputed Mediterranean nor the dangerous Arabian Peninsula, and that the whole voyage would be made by sea. The sum of the outward and return voyages made this expedition the longest ocean voyage in World history made until then, far superior in distance to a full voyage around the World by the Equator. One century later after the discovery, European powers such as England, Netherlands and France, were finally able to challenge and break Portugal's monopoly and naval supremacy in the Cape Route around Africa, Indian ocean and in the Far East, opening a new wave and a new era of European imperialism in the East.

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  • Vasco da Gama achieved the first European trading stations on the Indian sub-continent.
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