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  • Yitzhak Shamir (help·info) (Hebrew: יצחק שמיר‎, born Icchak Jaziernicki; 15 October 1915 - 30 June 2012) was a former Israeli politician, the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, in 1983–84 and 1986–92. Shamir was born in Ruzhany (Yiddish: Rozhinoy, Polish: Różana), Russian Empire (now Belarus). He studied at a Hebrew High School in Białystok, Poland. As a youth he joined Betar, the Revisionist Zionist youth movement. He studied at the law faculty of Warsaw University, but cut his studies short to immigrate to what was then the British Mandate of Palestine. In 1935, after settling in Palestine, he Hebraized his surname to Shamir. In 1944 he married Shulamit Shamir (1923 – July 29, 2011),[1] whom he met in a detention camp. Shulamit immigrated to Mandate Palestine from Bulgaria on a rickety boat in 1941 and was sent to prison because she entered the country illegally. They had two children, Yair and Gilada.[2] Shulamit died on July 29, 2011.[3]
  • Yitzhak Shamir was an Israeli politician and the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms, 1983–84 and 1986–1992. Before the establishment of the State of Israel, Shamir was a leader of the Zionist group Lehi. After the establishment of the State of Israel he served in the Mossad between 1955 and 1965, a Knesset Member, a Knesset Speaker and a Foreign Affairs Minister. Shamir was the country's third longest-serving prime minister after David Ben-Gurion and Benjamin Netanyahu. Wikipedia

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Year Award category Award winner Winning work Ceremony Achievement level Notes/Description
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  • for his lifetime achievements and special contribution to society and the State of Israel
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