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  • The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War, also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought by the coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel from October 6 to 25, 1973. The war began when the Arab coalition launched a joint surprise attack on Israeli positions in the Israeli-occupied territories on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in Judaism, which occurred that year during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. On this specific holiday the country comes to a complete standstill; both religiously observant Jews and most of the secular majority fast, abstain from any use of fire, electricity, engines, communications, etc., all road traffic ceases, and airports are shut down. Many soldiers also go home from military facilities for the holiday, and Israel is more vulnerable with much of its military on leave. Egyptian and Syrian forces crossed ceasefire lines to enter the Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights respectively, which had been captured by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War.

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