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  • The 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot was a line regiment of the British Army from 1787 to 1881. In 1787 the Honourable East India Company decided to raise four regiments in Great Britain for service in India in response to the threat of French military intervention there. The regiments were raised by the Crown with a number of officers nominated by the company. Colonel James Marsh was authorised to raise a new unit, the 77th Regiment of Foot, on 12 October 1787. Members were recruited throughout Great Britain and Ireland, and the 77th Foot was first embodied at Dover in early 1788. They arrived in India in August 1788, remaining there until 1807. On arriving in England in 1807, the 77th was given a county designation, becoming the 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot. In February 1810 they were granted permission to bear the plumes and motto of the Prince of Wales as a badge, in commemoration of twenty years service in India. They returned to Europe, taking part in the Walcheren Campaign of 1809 and then embarked for the Iberian Peninsula in 1811.

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