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  • Alexandria Bucephalous, or Alexandria Bucephalus or Alexandria Bucephala or Bucephala or Bucephalia, was a city founded by Alexander the Great in memory of his beloved horse Bucephalus. Founded in May 326 BC, the town was located on the Hydaspes, east of the Indus River. Bucephalus had died after the Battle of the Hydaspes in 326 BC. The garrison was settled with Greek and Iranian veterans plus natives. It had large dockyards, suggesting it was intended as a center of commerce. Across the river, the nearby town of Alexandria Nicaea was also founded on the battle site at that time. The exact site of the city is still unknown but several locations have been proposed: G.W.B. Huntingford identifies this Alexandria with a large mound west of Jhelum, a city 150 miles south east of Peshawar, Pakistan., while Lendering cites Jhelum more generally. The Hungarian archaeologist and Silk Road expert Sir Marc Aurel Stein believed that instead of the road from Taxila to Jhelum which dates from medieval times, Alexander's army went south to cross the river near modern Bhera. At this site the battle would have happened near the modern town of Mong.

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