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  • International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons
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  • Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons was an advisory opinion delivered by the International Court of Justice on 8 July 1996. The initial request for an advisory opinion by the ICJ was presented by the World Health Organization on 3 September 1993, but the ICJ did not render an opinion on this request because the WHO was ultra vires, or acting outside its legal capacity. Another request was presented by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1994 and accepted by the Court in January 1995. The ICJ handed down an advisory opinion on 8 July 1996 the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons case. The decision provides one of the few authoritative judicial decisions concerning the legality under international law of the use or the threatened use of nuclear weapons. Beyond the central question, many more general issues were touched upon by the Court or raised in the pleadings. These included institutional issues such as the proper role of international judicial bodies, and the ICJ's advisory function.

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