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  • Activity in the Maghreb refers to military activity in Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco 2002 waged by the Islamist militia, Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat. The GSPC allied itself with the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian government. This alliance created a division within the GSPC and led to the creation of the Free Salafist Group another militant group opposing the Algerian government. The conflict is an aftermath of the Algerian Civil War, and has since spread to other neighboring countries. Algeria and other Maghreb states affected by the activity have been assisted in fighting Islamist militants by the United States and the United Kingdom since 2007, when Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara began.

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