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  • Alexander Christian Leopold Conze was a German archaeologist who specialized in ancient Greek art. He was a native of Hanover, and studied at the Universities of Göttingen and Berlin. In 1855 he obtained his doctorate at Berlin as a student of Eduard Gerhard. In 1863 he became an associate professor at the University of Halle, and from 1869 to 1877, he served as a professor of archaeology at the University of Vienna. In the 1870s, he performed two archaeological explorations at Samothrace. In 1877 he succeeded Karl Bötticher as director of the Berlin Antikensammlung, In addition, he was head of the General Secretariat of the German Archaeological Institute. In 1878 with engineer Carl Humann, he began excavation at Pergamon in Asia Minor, a project that lasted until 1886. With Wilhelm Dörpfeld, he started a second archaeological dig at Pergamon in 1900. At Pergamon, Conze and Humann uncovered one of the greatest archaeological treasures of Hellenistic civilization, the Pergamon Altar, which today is housed at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. Conze died in Berlin.

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