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  • The Treaty of Yandabo was the peace treaty that ended the First Anglo-Burmese War. The treaty was signed on 24 February 1826, nearly two years after the war formally broke out on 5 March 1824, by General Sir Archibald Campbell on the British side, and by Governor of Legaing Maha Min Hla Kyaw Htin from the Burmese side. With the British army at Yandabo village, only 80 km from the capital Ava, the Burmese were forced to accept the British terms without discussion. According to the treaty, the Burmese agreed to cede to the British Assam, Manipur, Rakhine, and Taninthayi coast south of Salween river, cease all interference in Cachar and Jaintia, pay an indemnity of one million pounds sterling in four installments, allow for an exchange of diplomatic representatives between Ava and Calcutta, and sign a commercial treaty in due course. The treaty ended the longest and most expensive war in British Indian history. Fifteen thousand European and Indian soldiers died, together with an unknown number of Burmese. The campaign cost the British five million pounds sterling to 13 million pounds sterling; this expenditure led to a severe economic crisis in British India in 1833.