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  • The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve is a non use conservation area in the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh state, India. It was created on March 3, 1999 by the Indian government and covers parts of Hoshangabad, Betul, and Chhindwara districts. In 2009 it was designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. The biosphere reserve's total area is 4926.28 km². It includes three wildlife conservation units: the Bori Sanctuary, Satpura National Park, and Pachmarhi Sanctuary. Satpura National Park is designated as the core zone and the remaining area of 4401.91 km², including the Bori and Pachmarhi sanctuaries, serves as the buffer zone. The reserve is mostly covered in forest. It is an important transition zone between the forests of western and eastern India; the forests are dominated by teak but include the westernmost groves of sal, which is the dominant tree of eastern India's forests. Large mammal species include tiger, leopard, wild boar, muntjac deer, gaur, chital deer, sambar, and rhesus macaques. Bison, Indian giant squirrel and flying squirrel are endemic fauna of this reserve. Wikipedia

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