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Freebase Commons Common /common

  • To evaluate the degree and sequence of immunologic enhancement and the cellular resistance to certain infections after a single dose of atvogen (ampligen). In addition, the relationship between activation of immune cells and biochemical markers of that activation will be studied. Treatment of patients with HIV infection must address both the primary viral infection and the subsequent immune deficiency, which is the primary cause of mortality in AIDS. In vitro studies of ampligen have shown it will inhibit HIV infection. Ampligen may also minimize the toxicity of many drugs used in the treatment of AIDS and induce an antiviral state in the brain that may be useful in treating neurologic symptoms of HIV infection. The time course and degree of immunologic response to ampligen remain unknown although they are essential for proper use of the drug in the treatment of HIV infection and perhaps other clinical problems.Treatment of patients with HIV infection must address both the primary viral infection and the subsequent immune deficiency, which is the primary cause of mortality in AIDS. In vitro studies of ampligen have shown it will inhibit HIV infection. Ampligen may also minimize the toxicity of many drugs used in the treatment of AIDS and induce an antiviral state in the brain that may be useful in treating neurologic symptoms of HIV infection. The time course and degree of immunologic response to ampligen remain unknown although they are essential for proper use of the drug in the treatment of HIV infection and perhaps other clinical problems. Ten healthy volunteers and 10 HIV-infected patients are randomized between ampligen or placebo group. Five volunteers in each group receive a single dose of ampligen on day 1 and a single dose of placebo on day 8. The other 5 volunteers receive the drug and placebo on day 8 and 1, respectively. Seven days of observation and testing follow each administration of drug or placebo and also allow the body to eliminate the drug.

Freebase Commons Medicine /medicine

Eligibility exclusion criteria
  • Volunteers with clinically apparent viral disease or other illnesses, including allergies, within 2 weeks prior to the study or conditions which predispose them to chronic immune stimulation.
  • Volunteers who have ingested alcohol 48 hours prior to the study.
  • Smokers.

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